Snowflake (Snow)

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Snowflake (Snow)

Quarter Horse
/Pony

unknown

14 hands
910 lbs.
Ready for Adoption
No
Color
Bay/Brown & White
Training Status
Training
Ground Hours
27 hours
Riding Hours
2 hours
AM Feed
orchard grass
PM Feed
orchard grass / timothy pellets / joint and metabolic supplements
Special Needs
arthritis in fetlock joints, hocks, & hips, headshy, significant separation anxiety from buddy horse, impatient with hoof handling for inexperienced handlers

CREDENTIALS

  • Assigned
    • Unknown
    • Red
    • Orange
    • Yellow
    • Blue
    • Green
  • Unassigned
    • Unknown
    • Red
    • Orange
    • Yellow
    • Blue
    • Green
Feed
Catch
GHQ
GFQ
Lead
Back
Send
Blanket
Tie
Farrier
Trailer
Vet
2 Line
Saddle
Mount
HQ
FQ
GBack
Walk
W/T
Trot
T/L
Lope/Canter
Bonus

LATEST LOG ENTRY

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05/24/2021 11:30

SEND OUT AND AROUND TO OBSTACLE

Skill Level: Green

DURING TRAINING SESSION #1 - volunteer April Beighley worked on Obstacle - Send Out and Around to Left with Snow - Handler was in the wrong body position and needed to leave more space - attempted to send horse out to the right to explore the obstacle (square with recycle bottles) - horse proceeded to push with her shoulder and walked straight back between the outside perimeter of the obstacle and the handler and then turned and looked at the handler - the handler unintentionally played the SQUEEZE GAME with this horse

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05/24/2021 11:15

Farrier Trim

Tiny was easy to catch and hold for the foster caregiver - stood patiently for the farrier to trim all 4 feet
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05/23/2021 11:15

Preparation for Farrier

Skill Level: Orange

DURING TRAINING SESSION #1: Worked on Preparation for Farrier - worked on separation anxiety from buddy mini, Dream Catcher, patience at being tied at the wash rack, hoof handling - Snow has already mastered the Rope lifting her legs and placing her toes down, so we worked on handling her feet with our hands - Volunteer Handler, April Beighley, worked on picking up Snow\\\\\\\\\'s front and hind feet one at a time with her hand, and holding up the feet for hoof picking. At first, the Handler picked up Snow\\\\\\\\\'s feet with her hand gripping around the fetlock joint and Snow pulled her legs inward. After discussion, she ran her hand down the inside of the leg and cupped the hoof with her hand. Snow did not kick out or slam her hoof down, but she did pull it out of the handler\\\\\\\\\'s hand and pull her leg under her body - given direct instruction, the Handler did this skill again and the Director demo\\\\\\\\\'d how to do this - after 3 tries, Snow was tolerant and held her foot up for 30 seconds, and then placed the toe down for 2 seconds and immediately lifted her leg again and pulled it inward - after 2 more practices, the Handler held Snow\\\\\\\\\'s foot for 30 sec. and then placed her toe down.

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05/12/2021 12:30

Assign a Horse To Catch In a Pen: Challenge complete!

Skill Level: Red

Snow is easy to catch in her pen. She lets me walk right up to her. I go in at her withers to greet her. And then she stands still and lets me halter her with no pull back or fuss.

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05/12/2021 12:30

Assign a Horse to Catch in A Herd: Challenge complete!

Worked on catching Snow in a pen.
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04/29/2021 02:33

Snowflake (Snow)'s details changed.

Breed has been changed from Pony to Quarter Horse.

has been changed from Paint Horse to Pony.

Send to website has been changed from No to Yes.

has been changed from Green to Orange.

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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in CATCH Yellow has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in GHQ Orange has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in GFQ Orange has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in LEAD Orange has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in BACK Orange has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in SEND OVER Yellow has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in SEND THRU Yellow has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in FLAG Orange has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in BLANKET Red has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in TIE Orange has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in FARRIER Orange has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in TRAILER:LOAD Unknown has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in TRAILER:UNLOAD Orange has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in TRAILER:LIBERTY Unknown has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in VET:BATHE Blue has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in VET:NEEDLE Orange has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in VET:PASTE Blue has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in VET:CLIP Unknown has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in VET:SPRAY Orange has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in VET:TEMP Orange has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in LONG LINE Unknown has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in SADDLE Unknown has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in MOUNT:GROUND Unknown has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in MOUNT:BLOCK Unknown has been added.
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04/29/2021 02:32

Snowflake (Snow)'s credentials added.

Credentials in MOUNT:FENCE Unknown has been added.
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04/28/2021 02:35

Detestation with foreign objects.

Today I worked with Snow and desensitizing her to objects. Specifically today I used a pool noodle. I introduced it to her. Off the bat she was weary of it. To start i placed it on the ground and let her sniff it. She did not want much to do with it. Then I picked it up and slowly brought it over to her. She was standoff ish but let me touch her slowly with it. No quick movements hear. After she was introduced to the pool noodle i layed the noodle on the ground and walked her back and fourth past the noodle about a dozen or more times. She was still standoffish to it. She refused to step over it. She would just stop dead in her tracks and deliberately go around it. If she didn\\\\\\\\\'t stop she would just walk to the outside of it to pass.
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04/11/2021 11:45

grooming and ground work

worked on catching Snow in a pen, she allowed herself to be caught, haltered, and led to the side of the barn, loosely draped the rope over the bars on the window of the stall standing perpendicular to the stall wall for grooming Snow, stood quietly patiently perpendicular to the rail for body brushing, mane / tail brushing and trim, and hoof picking - she was impatient during hosing off her legs but allowed me to scrub the back fetlocks and hooves with medicated shampoo to remove urine and mud caked on - she was very anxious and nervous about having her back legs and fetlocks washed with medicated shampoo - she moved left and right with her HQ while tied loosely - She cooperated through this positive interaction with more tolerance than last time - Snow demonstrated a left brained extrovert horsenality during this interaction - she tolerated the partial bathing but clearly hated it
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04/04/2021 04:39

Farrier Trim

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03/30/2021 04:37

Snowflake (Snow)'s details changed.

Weight has been changed from 900 to 910.

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03/30/2021 04:37

Annual Senior Veterinary Services

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03/24/2021 03:58

Desesitation and Catching in heard.

Snow was loose up on the hill when I arrived. So i started grooming another horse to see if she would come down on her own. She did , about 5 mins into me catching another horse she came off the hill and down into her stall area. Snow Let me approach and Catch her immediately. I worked on walking her and giving her a strong command WOAH to stop. However Snow, does not stop right away when asked. She will move backwards when asked. I also worked on desensitization and grooming her. For grooming she tolerates being touched everywhere but her feet. When you touch her legs she picks them up and quickly stomps them down. For desensitization I ran the lead rope all over her body her legs multiple times to see how she would react and if she would remain calm. She let me do that for at least 5 mins with not even the slightest reaction. When I let snow go after working with her. She stays with me and follows me to the gate of her pasture. Then stays there still connected to me.
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03/17/2021 11:29

Snowflake (Snow)'s details changed.

Call name has been changed from Snow to Snowflake (Snow).

has been changed from Snow to unknown.

Companion only has been changed from No to Yes.

Adoptable has been changed from Yes to No.

AM feed has been changed from 5 lb. orchard grass to orchard grass.

PM feed has been changed from 5 lb. orchard grass, 1 lb. alfalfa pellets, Buteless supplement, MSM supplement to orchard grass / timothy pellets / joint and metabolic supplements.

Special needs has been changed from arthritis in fetlock joints, hocks, & hips, headshy, significant separation anxiety from buddy horse, impatient with hoof handling, difficult to catch to arthritis in fetlock joints, hocks, & hips, headshy, significant separation anxiety from buddy horse, impatient with hoof handling for inexperienced handlers.

Send to website has been changed from Yes to No.

has been changed from to Green.

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09/10/2018 09:45

Worked on being calm while tied

So today I decided to work on Snow\\\'s neighbor, and horse alpha, Cat, first. I removed Cat\\\'s fly mask, haltered her and tied her so her rear was facing Snow\\\'s stall. I proceeded to curry and brush Cat and eventually fly spray her. Snow was starting to wig out, but Cat and I stayed calm and uninterested. When I was done grooming Cat, I kept her haltered and moved her into the stall with two other ponies. Snow was still rather upset but I started doing drive and draw, changing direction each time until she was focused on me and didn\\\'t seem to care where Cat was anymore. Each time I stopped Snow, I made sure she couldn\\\'t see Cat. I took off her fly mask and did a few more circles getting to see her eyes. Since Snow was calm and focused, I grabbed her halter and she lowered her head for me beautifully. I worked on moving her on a lead and I\\\'m struggling with the reverse. I\\\'m convinced I\\\'m not doing something correct or sending a mixed message to Snow as she responds perfectly to every other direction given. I felt it was a good time to try and tie her and groom her. I didn\\\'t actually secure her with a knot or quick release knot, but again draped the lead so she could feel pressure as if she was tied. Cat still wasn\\\'t visible where Snow was tied. I grabbed a body brush and began to brush her. I brushed her entire body and legs and Snow stayed calm. She flinched a bit with fly spray, so I backed off until she relaxed and then approached again. This time she was fine getting sprayed. I really wanted her to have a positive memory of today, so I removed her halter, put her fly mask back on and then turned her out as well as all the other horses.

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09/05/2018 10:00

Worked on a lead

When I walked into Snow\\\'s pen with her halter after already mucking around her, she walked away. So I hung the halter and did some drive and draw with her until she was joined up, or focused on me. I then went to her left side and put my right arm slowly over her neck and applied some gentle pressure to have her lower and turn her head so I could remove her fly mask. She lowered her head beautifully and kept it there after the mask was removed. I hung the mask on the fence and grabbed her halter. Again I approached on her left side and presented the halter to her, kind of at my knee height. She dropped her head again and kept it there while I secured it properly (snug behind her jawline, a hand\\\'s distance underneath and a knot in its proper place.) I kept the lead dropped without tension and began having her move her feet as done on Aug. 22nd. She did beautifully again. I did not move her neighbor, Dreamcatcher, in with the ponies, so I didn\\\'t work with moving Snow to the wash rack. Instead, I led Snow to the closed gate of her covered area and just draped the lead over it. I DID NOT secure it at all, but it was draped enough for her to keep a sense of the lead and still move her head. I just walked around her, rubbed up and down each leg, on her barrel and her back, and repeated on the other side. She stayed perfectly calm. I then took the lead, making sure to keep tension and showing it to her at her eye level to move her away. I released all tension and slowly put my right arm over her neck and applied gentle pressure to have her drop her head. She did and she kept it there while I untied her halter. She moved away after I did.

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09/03/2018 10:00

Interacted today

There was a lot of hay (aka food) still on the ground in her pen and she seemed annoyed and distracted when I tried to get her to move her feet as she just wanted to eat. I understood this, but I still wanted her to acknowledge me and she did join up eventually after a few times of drive and draw in each direction. She moved when asked and stopped when asked (each time in a different location and each time because I made her stop, not the other way around.) After this she let me fly spray her without moving away. I did leave her rope halter hanging inside her pen as Keith said it would help her realize it wasn\\\'t something to run away from. I did not halter her today but even after being turned out, she watched me as I left before turning away.

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08/22/2018 10:00

Work on a lead

Started with some drive and draw to get Snow focused on us and not anything else (i.e. other horses, etc.). Once she was connected we haltered her with the rope halter, taking care to make sure it was behind her jawline, that there was enough space to put a hand sideways underneath where the lead rope attaches, and then tied it off correctly. We wanted to get her to move her feet in all six directions a horse can move. It was explained the importance of bringing the lead rope into Snow\\\'s field of vision. Many times our human instinct is to pull and tug at the rope to get the horse to stop or move, but since they can\\\'t see it, it usually startles them. We started with drawing her forward, bringing the lead rope into her field of vision, and with some tension in the lead rope, walked a few steps backwards and as soon as she moved forward, brought the lead down to release the pressure in the rope and gave her a rub on her face. We did this a few times. It\\\'s really obvious Snow remembers a lot. Next we wanted her to back up. Again we brought the lead up, with both hands this time, and with the lead at her eye level, with some tension in it, took a step or two towards her. Snow didn\\\'t want to move at first but when we got bigger, waved the rope more, and/or stomped our feet, she eventually stepped back and as soon as she moved her feet, the pressure was released in the rope and rub was given on her face. We repeated this a few more times. Then we worked on moving her in front of her driveline. The lead was lifted to the left side of her face as we took a step out to our right and with our right hand at the same level as the left, started to pull in some tension as we moved toward and focused on her left shoulder. If she didn\\\'t move, we reset and added some more energy to our steps and focus. Again as soon as she moved sideways, we released tension in the lead and gave a rub on her face. We repeated this a few times and then did the same on the other side. Next we worked on moving her behind her driveline. Standing at her left shoulder, held the lead with rein tension (enough for her to feel it, but not pulling so she thinks she needs to move), and with our right hand up, pulled some tension and focused on her rear end. If she didn\\\'t move, then we added energy to the rope by swinging it at her rear until steps were taken. As soon as her feet moved, the tension was dropped and a rub given to her face. This was repeated a few more times on this side, and then on the other side. Our last task we worked on was heading to the wash rack. We lead her out of each pen with two different techniques as you should never walk through a gate with a horse. The first was sending her through first. This was done by bringing the lead up to her eye level and pulling it out in front of her signaling her to move in that direction. As soon as she went through, the tension in the lead was dropped and she turned and faced us. We did this through the last gate as well. Then walking back through, we went through first, by keeping slack in the lead and then when we were through, turned and lifted the lead with tension signaling her to walk forward. We repeated this again and then walked to the wash rack. She got a bit anxious but we kept moving her feet and getting her to refocus back on us. Once she settled, we walked back through the first gate and released all tension and gave her a nice break. We just stood together for a few minutes. Then we walked through the gate again, but this time she didn\\\'t whip around in fear. She was very calm, so we stopped there and lead her back to her pen. We took her halter off, making sure to not let her squirm out of it, pulled her head in close as we stood at her shoulder and then pulled the halter off. She is an amazing horse.

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08/15/2018 12:00

Farrier Trims

Farrier Trimmed Snow today - She did much better this time - only pulled away hind left hoof and slammed it down once - no carrot treats given and she was patient and held all other 3 feet up - she stood on leadline while farrier trimmed - no kicking at all - marked improvement over time

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08/08/2018 02:30

worked on equine body language & use of tools for catching, haltering, grooming, turning out in a pen, unhaltering

worked on approach & retreat, drive & draw, catching with halter and leadline, touching face, ears, mouth, nose, poll, neck, withers, back, rump with hand - worked on touching withers, neck, back , rump with grooming brush and brushing while at liberty not tied, worked on rubbing hands slowly down legs to stop at fetlock joint and horse lifting each hoof and placing it back down calmly - worked on leaving left hand steady on back while fly spraying with right hand, asking horse to stand still while fly sprayed - did all of this in the pen only - no other horse in the pen - horse remained calm and we moved slowly and steadily - no sign of anxiety or panic and Snow was very tolerant, calm, and compliant throughout the interaction - she did walk away one time when asked to raise her left hind leg at liberty; possibly due to increased pressure from loud hammering construction above her on the hill in the pasture - she walked calmly 2 paces towards the stall, turned, and put her nose into a feed pan - then I asked her to move out of the pan by driving her FQ using rhythmic pressure with the side of my hand, and she walked only 1/2 lap to the left and stopped by the gate looking out, calmly - I then repeated the leg lift and she did it very calmly and remained in one place

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08/05/2018 10:00

worked on join up, approach & retreat, human contact & respect / leadership

worked on drive and draw in the pen - catching, sending out in both directions, moving her feet by stomping my feet and using rhythmic, spatial, & physical pressure by shaking side of my hand to drive her in circle to the right and left, using my palm to stop her with verbal \\\"whoa\\\" command, and stepping back and asking her to come in towards me - working on both directions and asking her to move her feet and then come in to the human handler and lower her head to accept contact & show understanding and respect for leadership - worked on tolerating touch to head, face, ears, eyes, body (mostly with rope), and front legs (with hand and rope) - very successful session - 3 times in a row with 3 different handlers

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07/25/2018 04:17

Snow's details changed.

Companion only has been changed from Yes to No.

Adoptable has been changed from No to Yes.

Viewability status has been changed from Private to Public.

Send to website has been changed from No to Yes.

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07/24/2018 03:00

worked on join up, approach & retreat, human contact & respect / leadership

Worked on approaching horse in a pen, separating horse from herd, approach & retreat, driving horse away by asking her to move her feet and to come in when directed to do so - Worked with Keith Elliott, Trainer, to train for join up - asked Snow to move away by moving her feet - driving her to walk away and in a circle to the left in the pen - she was alone in the pen with the trainer and then with me - buddy mini mare Dream Catcher was outside of the pen and Dolche & Bullseye were up the hill in the pasture during this training session - Asked Snow to move her feet by waving hand in air using rhythmic pressure and motion and asked her to stop by saying \\\"Stop\\\" and putting flat palm out to her - the first 3 times we did this, she did not turn to us when she stopped - she turned her body away in the corner and only turned her inside ear towards us (right ear) - the 4th time, she turned her whole head, both ears and eyes were on us - the 5th time, she turned her whole body but did not come in to us - she remained still and stood in front of us and looked straight at us - we released the pressure by leaning back to let her know that\\\'s what we wanted - after awhile, Snow took a step towards us and we took a step back and turned sideways to release pressure - we stood perfectly still and enjoyed the peaceful quiet moment when she stayed with the interaction - When Snow put her nose down to smell the feeder trough, we let her because we were relaxed and this was fine during her reward / release time - once she looked back up, she walked calmly over to the fenceline towards Dream Catcher outside of the pen - At that point, we decided she was losing connection with us, so we made her move her feet again - she again circled the perimeter of the pen to the left clockwise at a calm walk, and then she turned and came in all the way to us - we were then able to touch her face, head, eyes, ears, withers, and neck - we were then able to touch her back with our elbow and toss the leadrope over her back using the \\\"friendly game\\\" 6 times to the left and then under the neck over the back 6 times to the right without us changing sides - this was all at liberty - Snow remained calm through that interaction and tolerated the rope in a relaxed head set and body language - After that, we did some more driving the FQ and HQ around the pen in both directions - a few minutes later, Snow decided to look over the stall gate and refused to look at us or move her feet, so we increased the pressure and stamped our feet and shook our hands in the air sideways using rhythmic and spatial pressure, but she did not respond, so we swung the leadrope around in a circle towards her and she looked back out of the stall and walked around to the left - after increasing the pressure and energy to phase 4, she was 100% joined up - she followed us at liberty walking both directions, respected our personal space when she approached us, submitted her head by lowering it and allowing us to rub her mouth, poll, ears, eyes, and cheeks, and totally ignoring Dream Catcher who was out of the pen - Finally, we turned the horses out - she trotted at liberty through the gate out of the pen and Dream Catcher trotted into the pen looking for hay scraps - Snow re-entered the pen and approached Dream Catcher - Dream Catcher turned backwards to Snow and pushed her away with her butt threatening to back kick her to establish her dominance over the herd - Snow bolted out of the pen and Dream Catcher tried to do the same thing to Keith - he stopped her with physical pressure from his hands, pushed her out of his space with bear claw fingertips, and swung the leadrope with phase 4 heavy pressure to get her to move away - Dream Catcher ran up the hill pasture and the others followed her - once at the top of the hill pasture, both Snow and Dream Catcher left each other alone and turned to look directly at us at the bottom of the hill, relaxed, cocking their back legs and yawning - They both remained calm without fighting, and this lasted all the way through dinner feeding time - both mares did not paw the ground as they usually do for feeding and did not kick at each other through the gate - they were fed at 5pm and went to their respective pens calmly and respectfully without grabbing the hay - We had established our herd dominance during training and they understood that - overall this was a very good interaction with Snow.

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06/02/2018 09:00

worked on equine body language & safety tips

worked with Snow on separation anxiety from her buddy horse, Dream Catcher - first took Dolche out of the pasture to the wash rack to groom & clean feet - left Dream Catcher in the front paddock outside of Snow\\\'s pen within Snow\\\'s visual range - Snow whinnied but did not panic or pace - after finished with Dolche, put her back in the front paddock outside of Snow\\\'s pen, and took Dream Catcher out to the wash rack - Snow got upset but not as severely as last time - she paced and whinnied, but did not go into a full canter in her pen and did not get sweaty - I did not respond to Snow\\\'s tantrum and continued to wash Dream Catcher\\\'s legs and groom her at the wash rack for about 15 minutes - After awhile, Snow calmed down - I then took Dream Catcher back into the front paddock outside of Snow\\\'s pen and fly masked and sprayed her in front of Snow - then tied Dream Catcher to the rail facing Snow\\\'s pen - Snow calmed down once Dream Catcher was close by and facing her - Once she was relaxed and all 4 feet were still, I entered the pen, walked around her, haltered her remaining facing Dream Catcher, and backed her 4 paces back away from Dream Catcher, asked her to remain with all 4 feet still, then forward calmly - she remained calm looking at Dream Catcher - I was then able to fly mask and spray her on leadline and then turned her out in the pasture with the others. Good session - kept it short and did not want her to panic into a frenzy.

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05/31/2018 08:00

worked on equine body language & safety tips

worked with Snow on desensitization for fly masking and fly spray - approached horse in pen, walked around horse at liberty watching eye and ear to see when she will follow me - drove HQ away from me and used rhythmic pressure by slapping my right thigh while pointing my left hand to ask horse to move away from me and around in a controlled circle at the walk in the pen - once horse stopped and looked towards me, I stood still in the center of the pen and waited for horse to keep all 4 feet still. Approached horse and slipped rope halter over head and rubbed face and neck with rope. Then walked forward and turned in both directions calmly. Practiced halting. Then partially unhaltered and hung halter over neck, slipped on fly mask, and then rehaltered horse. Fly sprayed horse while on leadline. Horse raised head at first and backed 2 steps and then stopped and stood still tolerating fly mask and fly spray. Good session with calmness from Snow.

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05/20/2018 11:30

worked on equine body language & use of tools for catching, haltering, turning out in a pen, unhaltering

Deborah, Training Director, worked with 2 volunteers, Larry and Marta Cohen. When volunteers arrived, Dolche, pony, was tied to wash rack to clean her infection. Snow was a nervous wreck, pacing and whinying and screaming for her in the corral. Marta and Larry stood out side of the corral trying to figure out how to calm her down. After 10 minutes, Deborah pulled out a small handful of orchard grass and gave some to all of the horses to calm them all down. After eating, she calmed down mildly. Larry was able to approach and halter her in one attempt, from the side. He first put the rope around Snow\\\'s neck and then haltered her. She proceeded to dance around him, pull towards Cat, mini mare herd leader outside of corral gate, and disrespect Larry\\\'s space. After a few minutes, she calmed down and walked with Larry a few paces turning towards the right, inside space of the circle in the corral. She was compliant with his walking pace as long as she could see Dream Catcher. If Cat moved, she became upset and started pulling on the leadline and refusing to stop. This went on for about 10 min. Then Larry proceeded to try to groom her. He asked Marta to hold her and he tried to brush her. She moved her body around and around Marta for several minutes until Deborah directed them to stop. They worked more on walking, stopping, and turning and then rested with her right side of her body against the gate next to Cat, the mini mare who is the herd boss. She calmed down and lowered her head a bit, but ears were still radared on Cat and she was still breathing heavily. Marta stroked her neck with the rope and rope halter and Larry suggested that they try to halter her. They haltered her and tied the knot incorrectly. Deborah corrected and demo\\\'ed the knot, and then Larry suggested they try to groom her again. He ran his hand down her inside left front leg and she pulled it away and slammed it down twice. Deborah suggested they do not work on hoof picking until Snow knows how to, and consistently, stands still on leadline respecting a handler. They asked what else they can do and Deborah directed them to practice taking her to face perpendicular to the bars on the window of the barn stall and teaching her to stand still. Marta led her over there 4 paces, and placed the rope through the bars. Snow turned to the right and walked away. Marta too the rope again and let her back there, but she was standing in front of Snow\\\'s nose. Snow moved her HQ to the left and almost crushed Marta into the wall. Marta tried to push Snow off of her with her full palm. Deborah directed Marta to back the horse up, walk out and around to the left in a full circle in the open space away from the barn, and then line the horse up again perpedicular to the rail and just ask her to stand there. Do not groom her or do anything, just stand. The horse refused to stand and was then asked to stand still on leadline for fly masking. Marta rubbed her neck and she initially ran away. After she returned to the gate, Marta and Larry fly masked her without incident, and then removed fly mask slowly upon direction by Deborah. Then it was time to turn out. Deborah directed Marta and Larry on safe turn out when opening the corral gate to the main pasture, warned them that she would probably bolt out due to excessive nerves. Advised them to pull the gate towards them and back the horse up a little before opening gate, and then get out of the way. Deborah moved grooming tools outside of gate and shoed Cat away from gate. Marta opened the gate towards herself and then squeezed through the gate trying to keep Snow in, but Snow pushed her way out. Larry tried to block Snow from running out by standing in front of her with his arms up. Deborah advised them never to do that and never to use their body to try to push or block a horse. Deborah demonstrated how to safely pass through gates for turn out / in purposes, and how to use heavy visual and motion pressure to back the horses away from your personal space before opening a gate.

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